Growth of online dating industry
This trend will continue, as the urbanization rate is expected to surpass 60% by 2020 and 75% by 2045 (currently more than 82% of the U. In particular, urbanization in China has uprooted the traditional community-based networks through which people meet their spouses and has thus made it more difficult for Chinese adults to find mates.“More so than ever, Chinese people are leaving their hometowns for educational or professional opportunities in cities like Beijing, and in doing so are forced to recreate their social network from scratch,” says Koo.With a birth rate of 120 men for every 100 women, rural, lower-income men are most affected.General demographic forecasts suggest that within the next decade, about 15% to 20% of Chinese men will not be able to find brides.
More than 99% of women between the ages of 35 and 39 in mainland China have been married at least once, according to a study by Gavin W. The traditional emphasis on finding a partner with a similar educational pedigree and economic standing is still followed in the digital world.
(A generation ago, a washing machine and refrigerator would have sufficed.) All these personal facts can also be found on the profiles hanging in the People’s Park marriage market. According to the United Nations, 2011 marked the first year ever that the number of people living in Chinese cities exceeded the number living in the countryside.
As the Chinese government gradually relaxed its control over urban migration — by loosening the restrictions of the 1958 Hukou System, which afforded social benefits only to those who could prove identification from the local province — more and more individuals have taken advantage of new economic opportunities by migrating to cities. While a great deal of research has explored the economic, political and environmental issues that will be affected by increasing urbanization, far less has examined how this trend has impacted China from a social standpoint.
Rising Pressure for Both Sexes As a result of the one-child Policy, many families began to selectively abort female children in order to try to have boys, who are traditionally preferred due to the cultural expectation that men will help support the family and take care of their parents in old age. Bliney estimated that more than 1.5 million sex-selective abortions were carried out in China between 1983 and1990.
Both men and women are under growing pressure to find a partner in an increasingly difficult environment.
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According to Shang-Hsiu Koo, CFO of Jiayuan, China’s largest online matchmaking website, what users value most in a potential match are education level, age, height and residency (in China, having a residency permit, in a top-tier city is highly desirable because only those with permits have access to public services and certain employment opportunities in that city).