Ben troupe dating
The Capitano developed as a caricature of the Spanish braggart soldier, boasting of exploits abroad, running away from danger at home.
He was turned into Scaramuccia by Tiberio Fiorillo, who, in Paris with his own troupe (1645–47), altered the captain’s character to suit French taste.
The Comédie-Italienne was formally established in France in 1653 and remained popular until Louis XIV expelled the Italian troupes in 1697.
The Italian players were also popular in England, Spain, and Bavaria.
As Scaramouche, Fiorillo was notable for the subtlety and finesse of his miming.
The who were often acrobats, or “tumblers,” had various names such as Panzanino, Buratino, Pedrolino (or Pierrot), Scapino, Fritellino, Trappolino, Brighella, and most notably, Arlecchino and Pulcinella (related to the English had already been differentiated as comic rustic and witty fool.
The rich verbal humour of the regional dialects was lost on foreign audiences.
Revivals, notably in the 1960s by a Neapolitan troupe led by Peppino de Filippo, by puppet companies in Prague, and by students and repertory players in Bristol and London, however carefully their masks copied contemporary illustrations, however witty their improvisation, could only approximate what the commedia dell’arte must have been.As time went on, the actors stopped altering the characters, so that the roles became frozen and no longer reflected the conditions of real life, thus losing an important comic element.The efforts of such playwrights as Carlo Goldoni (1707–93) to reform Italian drama sealed the fate of the decaying commedia dell’arte.They were characterized by shrewdness and self-interest; much of their success depended on improvised action and topical jokes.Arlecchino ( was created by Tristano Martinelli as the witty servant, nimble and gay; as a lover, he became capricious, often heartless. Doltish yet honest, he was often the victim of his fellow comedians’ pranks.
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The first mention of a company in France is in 1570–71.