These killings result in the needless loss of raptors, and they may lead to undesirable legal actions.If trapping or shooting is necessary, permits should be requested and processed as quickly as possible.Occasionally, it is attracted by free-ranging poultry or large concentrations of game birds and can cause depredation problems.Its breeding range is limited to Canada, the northern United States, and the montane forests of the western United States.
“Frustration killings” occur far too often because landowners are unfamiliar with or unable to control damage with nonlethal control techniques.
Always consider the benefits that raptors provide before removing them from an area; their ecological importance, aesthetic value, and contributions as indicators of environmental health may outweigh the economic damage they cause.
There are two main groups of hawks: accipiters and buteos. North American species include the northern goshawk (Accipiter gentilis), Cooper’s hawk (Accipiter cooperii), and sharp-shinned hawk (Accipiter striatus).
Hygnstrom Extension Wildlife Damage Specialist Department of Forestry, Fisheries and Wildlife University of Nebraska Lincoln, Nebraska 68583-0819 Scott R.
Craven Extension Wildlife Specialist Department of Wildlife Ecology University of Wisconsin, Madison Madison, WI 53706 ADDITIONAL INFORMATION HAWKS OWLS Hawks and owls are birds of prey and are frequently referred to as raptors— a term that includes the falcons, eagles, vultures, kites, ospreys, northern harriers, and crested caracaras. Hawks and owls are highly specialized predators that take their place at the top of the food chain.
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Cooper’s hawks will occasionally cause problems with poultry; sharp-shinned hawks are rarely a problem because of their small size.