Attachment working models and relationship quality in dating couples
That is, the child comes to feel emotionally connected to the mother because she is associated with the reduction of primary drives, such as hunger, rather than the reduction of drives that might be relational in nature.
In a classic set of studies, psychologist Harry Harlow placed young monkeys in cages that contained two artificial, surrogate “mothers” (Harlow, 1958).
Harlow found that the young macaques spent a disproportionate amount of time with the cloth surrogate as opposed to the wire surrogate.
For example, some of the greatest sources of joy involve falling in love, starting a family, being reunited with distant loved ones, and sharing experiences with close others.
The purpose of this module is to provide a brief review of attachment theory—a theory designed to explain the significance of the close, emotional bonds that children develop with their caregivers and the implications of those bonds for understanding personality development.
The module discusses the origins of the theory, research on individual differences in attachment security in infancy and childhood, and the role of attachment in adult relationships.
There were weak but significant associations between insecure attachment and more negative experiences of being parented.
There was no evidence of associations between attachment and traumatic life events.
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Bowlby and other theorists, for example, believed that there was something important about the responsiveness and contact provided by mothers.