Dating the volcanic eruption at thera steampunk dating

With this in mind relative chronologies have been able to be constructed despite the controversy over absolute dates.(Balter, p.508) The conventional chronology derives from the cross study of ’material culture exchanges and stylistic associations’ between the historically dated Egyptian and Aegean cultures. The eruption of the volcano (late LMIA) is then dated c. (Manning , 2002, p.733) Conflicting evidence Evidence from C14 radiocarbon dating and other methodologies support a different argument.The LMIA Aegean world would not be contemporary with, or influenced by, the Egyptian 18 Dynasty which started c. It would instead be contemporary with the very different Hyksos period of Egypt, when northern Egypt was controlled by a Canaanite dynasty with links to the Levant.(Manning, 2002, p.569, 742) The revised dates for the eruption have major consequences for relations between Egypt and the Aegean civilisation of the Late Bronze Age. Rutter of Dartmouth College said, "The issue of which direction artistic and other cultural influences was travelling may change significantly".Manning, of Cornell University, recently took radiocarbon data from sites in the southern Aegean to create a chronology for the LMIA and LMIB phases. Friedrich of Aarhus University, produced a similar date for the eruption.This data showed that the Thera eruption took place in the late 17 Century BC. A large branch of an olive tree, alive at the time of the eruption (figure 3), was discovered on Santorini having been covered by the eruption’s ash.

This enabled them to pinpoint the date of the eruption to 1613BC, with a margin of error of up to 13 years. "Precise dating of this eruption is important because the tephra layer acts as a universal time marker of Late Bronze Age contexts in the Eastern Mediterranean region." (Friedrich , p.548) The conventional dates are inconsistent with findings from carbon dating techniques.

This suggests either a defect in the conventional links to Egyptian chronologies in the mid-second millennium BC or a problem with the chronology itself.

The Egyptian chronology is considered relatively strong for the 14 Century.

(Balter, p.508) A realignment of dates would mean that the famous Mycenaean shaft graves would also be contemporary with the Hyksos.

"Some archaeologists had speculated that the Mycenaeans owed their rise to a strategic alliance with the New Kingdom; the new radiocarbon dates would instead raise the possibility that they were allied with the Hyksos, Rutter says.

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