Dating violence among adolescents
Verbal informed consent was obtained from all eligible and willing participants and from their parents when appropriate.Subjects were informed that they would be mailed a gift card to a local store on completion of a follow-up telephone interview.Medical record numbers were checked to verify no previous participation.Ineligible subjects and those unwilling to be screened or participate were thanked for their time.Results Among the adolescents, 54.8% reported physical and/or sexual victimization (54.0% of girls vs 56.7% of boys; odds ratio = 0.9; 95% CI, 0.6-1.5), and 59.4% reported perpetration of physical and/or sexual violence (62.1% of girls vs 52.3% of boys; odds ratio = 1.4; 95% CI, 0.9-2.4).Girls were more likely than boys to perpetrate physical violence (52.2% vs 36.1%, respectively; odds ratio = 1.9; 95% CI, 1.2-3.2) but were also more than 5 times as likely to report fear of sustaining serious injury from a partner (16.2% vs 3.1%, respectively; odds ratio = 6.0; 95% CI, 1.4- 26.2).After they completed the survey, participants received written information about local TDV services for adolescents.Participants who reported physical or sexual dating violence victimization were invited to participate in a follow-up telephone interview to occur 1 month after their PED visit.
Participants Of 327 participants, 235 (71.9%) were female and 92 (28.1%) were male, with a mean (SE) age of 18.7 (0.10) years.
Young age, more intimate partners, and a history of a recent physical fight were independently associated with both dating violence victimization and perpetration.
Only 4 of the 127 participants with follow-up interviews (3.1%) used any resources provided.
Conclusion Dating violence perpetration and victimization rates for both boys and girls who had at least 1 dating relationship are high in this pediatric emergency department population.
Pediatric emergency departments (PEDs), which often treat patients through age 21 years, may serve considerable numbers of individuals experiencing TDV.